Pneumonia, also known as pneumonia, is an infectious disease that attacks the lungs directly.

This sickness usually it affects more regularly to those with a poor immune system, as the elderly or young children.

The evolution of pneumonia can cause various health problems of the person, so it is important to detect as soon as possible.

If you want to know the causes and symptoms of pneumonia, in this article you will find all the answers. Do not miss it!

What exactly is pneumonia?

Lungs perform one of the most important processes in the human body: breathing, distributing oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide found in our body.

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both lungs.

This causes it to fill with fluid and pus, notably making breathing difficult person and putting life in danger because:

  • Oxygen depletion.
  • The accumulation of carbon dioxide inside the body.

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What are the causes of pneumonia?

What are the causes of pneumoniaWhat are the causes of pneumonia

pneumonia is usually caused by microbes, bacteria, viruses and fungi, which can be made in a variety of ways, including:

  • Bacteria and viruses stored in the nose, mouth or sinuses spread to the lungs.
  • Inhalation of microbes.
  • Inhalation of food, fluids or secretions, and others.
  • Pneumococcal infection.
  • Complication flus.
  • Fungal infection.

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

The symptoms of pneumonia may vary as appropriate and the level of disease in the person. Among the most conumes we find:

1. Chills

chills pneumoniachills pneumonia

Normally, those affected by pneumonia, have chills several times a day, and these can last between thirty and sixty minutes.

2. fever and cough

These symptoms usually the second for those affected with pneumonia, presenting constant fevers up to 40 degrees Celsius, malaise and cough.

  • Cough may be accompanied by mucus and phlegm reddish-brown or yellow-green, and in some cases, bloody mucus.
  • In turn, fever and cough may come to be preceded by a throat infection.

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3. Shortness of breath

difficulty pneumoniadifficulty pneumonia

This is due to low oxygen that the body receives when suffering from a disease such as pneumonia, becoming more noticeable when any activity that requires effort as performed:

  • Climbing stairs
  • walking briskly
  • Lift a lot of weight

Besides causing difficulty in breathing may also be quick and shallow breaths.

4. pain when breathing

Usually people suffering from pneumonia could contain pain when breathing. This is due to inflammation of the pleura, better known as pleurisy.

5. Numbness and coloring limb

numbness pneumonianumbness pneumonia

The lack of oxygen in the body can cause cold, swelling and numbness in:

  • Lips
  • Language
  • Extremities
  • fingers
  • Nose

Further, you can purchase a blue or violet in all these.

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6. Joint Pain

Those suffering from pneumonia could contain continuous joint pains due to low oxygen that travels through the body.

7. Confusion


In some cases, pneumonia occurs in older people with prostration and mental changes such as confusion and disorientation.

8. White nail syndrome

Also known as leukonychia, it can occur by chemical poisoning, heart disease, pneumonia or hypoalbuminemia.

In addition to the above, other symptoms of pneumonia include:

  • Excessive sweating and clammy skin.
  • Low energy and fatigue.

If you present several of these symptoms, we suggest you go to your doctor you trust to make the necessary examinations. So you can start with the right treatment for your condition.